New Research Suggests Extreme Morning Sickness Could Signal Baby Girl

The condition hyperemesis gravidarum (HG), which is commonly referred to as extreme morning sickness, affects approximately one out of every 100 expectant mothers. The most prominent figure to suffer this condition in recent times is undoubtedly Kate Middleton. According to The Daily Mail, the Duchess of Cambridge has actually suffered through this elevated morning sickness condition during both of her public pregnancies.

Now new research is attempting to better determine what causes this debilitating conditions, and some scientists believe they’ve found at least one interesting factor. The Trivers-Willard hypothesis, as it’s known, says that women who experience hyperemesis gravidarum have a better chance of bearing a girl, according to the New Scientist.

“Normally, slightly more boys than girls are born, we don’t quite know why that is,” said the study’s lead researcher, Lena Edlund of Columbia University in New York.

However, analysis of 1.65 million pregnancies in Sweden used for the study found that 56% of women who had successful pregnancies with the extreme morning sickness conditions had baby girls. Perhaps even more interesting was the data they found relating to socioeconomic standing.

The team of researchers found that women who left school at the age of 16 were 76% more likely to develop the hyperemesis gravidarum condition compared to women who earned masters or Ph.D. degrees. Unfortunately, HG also carries an even deadlier consequence as well. Approximately one-third of pregnant women with the condition will not reach full term and miscarry.

HG has similar symptoms to the flu, which affects between 5% and 20% of Americans annually, and can have severe side-effects for both the mother and unborn child. It’s not uncommon for women to vomit 50 times a day or more when suffering from extreme morning sickness, and they oftentimes require intravenous fluids to remain hydrated.

Even if a pregnant woman avoids a miscarriage, the child’s development can still be affected and result in premature births and low birth weight.

Australian Man Ticketed for Strapping Beer in with Seatbelts While Children Sat on the Laps of Passengers

Failing to wear a seatbelt is a crime just about everywhere in the world, but these violations are much more serious when children become endangered due to the poor decisions of a driver.

According to RT.com, a 27-year-old Western Australian man was recently ticketed after police pulled him over for a routine traffic stop. Upon questioning the driver, police were shocked to find that he had cases of beer secured in his car with seatbelts — yet several children in the vehicle were not strapped in.

Broome Police pulled the man over on the Great Northern Highway around noon last Wednesday, April 6, when they made the startling discovery. More than one child, including a baby less than a year old, were seated on the laps of passengers and in the car’s foot wells while the seatbelts were used to secure cases of beer.

The driver, who has not been identified by name, was charged with “no authority to drive and failure to restrain a child.” Despite the alarming nature of this crime, Kimberley District Superintendent Allan Adam said that these types of problems are common in Western Australia.

“[We do have] problems up here in the Kimberley,” Adam said. “It shows some of the attitudes of some of our road users in the way they see their priorities.”

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have reported that drivers ages 18 to 34 are less likely to wear seatbelts than their older peers, and men are 10% less likely to wear seatbelts than women. Young men seem to be driving more negligently than ever, and the current climate of avoiding wearing seatbelts in Western Australia can compound this poor decision-making.

Furthermore, Australia has one of the biggest problems with proper seatbelt usage in the entire world. According to the Queensland Centre for Accident Research and Road Safety, approximately 20% of Australian drivers and passengers killed in car crashes each year were not wearing a seatbelt.

As for the beer-toting man from Broome, Superintendent Adam added that his jurisdiction has growing concerns with a recent increase of other traffic violations, including drivers with suspended licenses.

Many of these road crimes occur with children in the vehicle, and Adam is hoping that residents make positive changes before tragedy strikes.

Study: Men With High Testosterone Are Terrible at Communicating

A new study from the University of Connecticut is getting some attention this April for its claim that some men with high testosterone are less likely to communicate –with their partners, in the bedroom, and after they… hug.

Yes, that’s right, UConn researchers are studying pillow talk.

Researchers tested the testosterone of 253 young men and women, who were asked to keep a detailed sexual activity diary for two weeks. The data showed a correlation between testosterone levels and the amount of “positive, post-coital communication.”

Mic.com concluded:

“When testosterone levels were higher, post sex disclosures were less intentional and less positive,” the authors wrote. Therefore, they concluded, individuals with high levels of testosterone “may be the least likely to experience the beneficial effects of post sex communication.”

And here’s something interesting: This takeaway seemed to be true for both men and women with high levels of testosterone. The authors wrote that “similar results were found both when biological sex was controlled for and when analyses were conducted separately for women and men.”

The degree to which testosterone levels affect men’s behavior has been getting increased attention in recent years, especially as testosterone replacement therapy is evolving into a $5 billion business. Proponents of the treatment say that 13 million men in the United States have low testosterone, which can cause weight gain, low energy, and loss of sex drive.

While low levels of testosterone can be harmful, so, too, can high levels. This April, Vice’s new women’s vertical Broadly also covered the new pillow talk study, with writer Gabby Bess asking, “How Much Can We Blame Testosterone for Men’s Many, Many, Many Faults?”

In the early aughts, hormone replacement therapy was a popular treatment for women, until it was revealed that it increased the risk of breast cancer and other health problems. Now, for better or worse, a new generation of American men are boosting their own hormone levels, even if it makes them terrible at post-coital cuddling.

MIT Engineers Discover Science Breakthrough… With Chocolate

A new theory discovered by MIT engineers can predict the thickness of thin shells — and all because of chocolate.

Reported this week in Nature Communications, MIT researchers found out that by just knowing a few key variables, they can now predict the mechanical response from chocolate shells and can thus use this process on many other types of outer layers. The potential to use this new theory on small pharmaceutical capsules as well as large airplane and rocket structures all comes from this chocolatey discovery.

“I’m sure chocolatiers have come up with techniques that give empirically a set of instructions that they know will work,” said Pedro Reis, the Gilbert. W. Winslow Associate Professor of mechanical engineering at MIT. “Our theory provides a much better, quantitative understanding of what’s going on, and one can now be predictive.”

Every year, the worldwide consumption of chocolate is approximately 7.2 million metric tons. It’s surprising, therefore, that researchers were able to use the popular treat to examine shell mechanic issues, which have been under examination since about the 1950s.

“We’re revisiting an old topic with new eyes,” Reis said. “This is a really simple, robust, rapid prototyping technique, and we’ve established design principles together with a predictive framework that characterizes the fabrication of thin shells.”

These MIT researchers are hopeful the technology breakthroughs will greatly help other industries, and not just the chocolate one. “I think ‘rapid fabrication’ is how we can describe this technique,” Reis added. “Usually that term means 3-D printing and other expensive tools, but it could describe something as simple as pouring chocolate over a mold.”

According to Gizmodo, the formula developed by the MIT researchers is the square root of any fluid’s viscosity multiplied by the radius of the mold and then divided by the curing time of the polymer. Finally, they multiply that figure by the polymer’s density and the acceleration.

This new technology could improve everything from pharmaceutical capsules to aircraft and rocket design — or even perfect the art of chocolate fondue.